The Tibetan language

The Tibetan language is spoken by more than 6.000.000 people, mainly in the Autonomous region of Tibet.
This language belongs to the family of the tibeto-Burmese languages and includes a great number of dialects.
The Tibetan language is alphasyllabic, which means it’s written using signs.

The Tibetan language

In the 7th century, there wasn’t any written language in Tibet.
The king at that time, Songsten Gampo, decided to send one of his ministers in India, so that this one creates a language which would be used as a basis for the translation of the teachings of the Buddha.

The Tibetan language respects the rigour of the Sanskrit, while remaining simple.
It is essentially a monosyllabic language, each syllable can at the same time be a noun, a verb or an adjective.
A syllable can contain from 1 to 6 letters.

The Tibetan alphabet consists of 30 consonants and 4 vowels.
All the consonants have an « a » sound.
The vowels, on the other hand, are not really letters, they “cling” either above, or under the consonants and modify them.


Les consonnes tibétaines


Les voyelles tibétaines


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