Consequences of the invasion of Tibet

The escape of the Dalaï Lama.

On March 17, 1959, the Dalaï Lama, whose life was threatened, leaves Lhasa disguised with more than 100.000 Tibetans and passes through the Himalayas. He takes refuge in India where he’ll obtain the political asylum.

The C.C.P. (Chinese Communist party) draws up a list of the “traitors” in which is the religious leader as well as the members who are close to him.
A massacre of these “traitors” is carried out on the Tian Anmen square in Beijing.

After Dalaï Lama escaped, a movement of exile starts.
Between 1959 and 1960, more than 800.000 people escaped, the majority going to India, in Nepal and Bouthan.

A government of exile is founded in Dharamsala in India, where a ministry for the Culture and Religion charged to preserve and introduce the Tibetan culture is set up.

Report of the U.N.

In May 1959, the U.N. writes a report which shows that Tibet was an independent State before 1950.

A legal committee of investigation which wanted to go to Tibet, is pushed back by the P.R.C. which refused to provide the visas.
This committee gathered hundreds of testimonys of exiled people.

The report establishes that China violated the 17 points agreement and that it was guilty of genocide and of many violations of the Human rights.

In September 1959, Dalaï Lama calls the U.N. again.
Thanks to the support of Ireland, of Malaysia, and Thailand, Tibet can finally make its voice heard.

The U.N. noting the violation of the Human rights, votes for a resolution.
The Parliament puts China in obligation to respect them.
But the silence of this one is followed of no sanction on behalf of the Member States of the U.N.

During the summer 1966, the Chinese soldiers devastate all on their way.
They remove the “Four old-fashioned things” (old ideas, culture, habits and practices).

Cultural destruction

On August 6, the Chinese soldiers begin the plundering of temples which they transform into urinals and butcheries.
It is the starting point of a cultural destruction.

Tibet is transformed into a vast field of ruins.

The gold statues which decorated the temples are exported in China where they are melted until 1973, date on which Beijing start to become aware of the lost capital.

The monasteries are practically all destroyed, monks and nuns are imprisoned and tortured.

The Kora, a famous pilgrimage way which leads to Potala, was partially destroyed and replaced by streets with Chinese hotels, bars, restaurants and Mc Do.

The Tibetans are not the majority any more in Tibet.
Indeed, the massive deportation of Chinese colonists (mainly the Han people, which is the majority people in China) exceeded the number of Tibetan inhabitants. They would be today 7.200.000 Chinese against 6.000.000 Tibetans.

Work misses and if there is, a Chinese will be privileged compared to a Tibetan.

The Tibetan culture will disappear if nothing changes.

The reports of the Dalaï Lama and Times of India in 1984, reveal that since 1951, approximately 432.000 people were killed during confrontations; 343.000 died of hunger; 173.000 deaths in prison; 157.000 executed; 93.000 tortured to death; 9.000 committed suicide. On the whole it’s 1 inhabitant out of 5 who has lost life.

Nuclear pollution in Tibet

The exploitation of the uranium mines, incorrectly handled, generated a high incidence of cancers and malformations at the neighbouring populations. Before this exploitation, the neighbourhoods of the mines were populated with a large variety of fish, birds, plants and animal species, today, they became “sterile zones”.

The first Chinese atomic bomb was developed in the research centre of nuclear weapons located near the banks of the lake Kokonor, the most salted big lake of Tibet, the nuclear waste would have been stored a long time in the lake itself.
Centers of storage of nuclear waste are built everywhere in Tibet. The Chineses use techniques of hiding which are viewed in occident as outdated. The radioactive waste pollutes the lakes and rivers of Tibet, which provide water to more than 1 billion people in Asia.

Proposal for a plan in 5 points by the Dalaï Lama

In the years 1987-1988, the Dalaï Lama proposed a 5 points plan to China who refused it:
  1. The recovery of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan; who will become “zones of non-violence”

  2. The suspension of the establishment of Chinese colonists

  3. The respect of the Human rights and the democracy

  4. Safeguard of the environment

  5. The beginning of a round of negotiations on the future politic status of Tibet and on the relations between the Chinese people and Tibetan people

In spite of this will to open the dialogue, the Popular Republic of China executes 2 young Tibetan people accused to be “antisocial” elements.

These executions cause violent demonstrations who degenerate into riots of which journalists and Western tourists are witnesses.

The communications with the exterior are suspended, the tourists are expelled from Tibet.

Officially these riots made more than 600 dead people.
In spite of the judgment of China by the world’s political opinion, the P.R.C. continues to violate the Human rights.

Some dates

In October 1989 in Oslo, the international authorities ended up hearing the voice of the Dalaï Lama, weak but tough. The Nobel Prize of Peace was decreed to him.
Since, he traverses the countries and meets “the powerful ones” of this world near which he pleads for the survival of its people.

In 1990, the Tibetan chief recommends the creation of a sino-Tibetan confederation, thus giving up his independence claims.

Since 1996, the Tibetan monks undergo rehabilitation sessions where they are forced not to support the Dalaï Lama anymore, who is still in exile.
Some pretend to accept this program but, on the sly, they continue to be faithful to their spiritual Master.
Same thing on the side of the inhabitants who pretend to accept the Chinese orders but which, behind the back of the occupant, affirm that they are Tibetans and proud to be!

In 1997, the Chinese president Jiang Zemin asks the spiritual leader to state that Tibet was always an integral part of China and makes it a pre-condition for a dialogue.The Dalaï Lama refuses.

On March 10, 1998, Dalaï Lama accuses China of cultural genocide at the time of the 39ieme birthday of the anti-Chinese rising.

On March 7, 1999, the Chinese authorities launch an attack against the Tibetan spiritual leader, notably accusing him of being the person in charge of the social disturbances in Tibet.

On April 19, 2000, China triumphs against the United States after the failure of a motion denouncing Beijing in front of the U.N. Human rights Commission. “A victory of justice” summarized China.
Indeed, the fifty-sixth session of the United Nations Commission made it possible for China to prevent the discussion about the situation of the Human rights in Tibet and in China.

The motion of not-action was voted by:
  • 22 in favour of China
  • 18 against
  • 12 abstentions
  • 1 absence
The Human rights defense organizations deplored the decision of the Commission.
Today, the communications are broken between Beijing and the Dalaï Lama.
This one continues to preach the voice of non-violence as a resolution of the conflict, in spite of a stronger and stronger pressure of some Tibetans requiring the total independence of Tibet, even at the price of violence.

The more the Chinese endeavour to make disappear the Tibetan culture, the more the Tibetans unite to save it and reject discreetly the Chinese influence in their country.

In March 2008, at the time of the 49e birthday of rising anti-chinese, demonstrations take place with Lhasa and in Gansu. They are violently repressed by the Chinese authorities; those give a report on 19 dead people while the Tibetan government in exile, estimates more than 130 dead people and of many wounded people, as well as many arrests.

If we became violent, we would not have anything more to defend
The 14th Dalai Lama


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