Chinese and British interventions in Tibet

Chinese and British interventions.

Following interior quarrels, the Chinese intervene in Tibet in 1720 and establish their domination.

The interest which carries the Chinese emperor in Tibet is initially of a strategic nature because this one is located in full heart of the Asian continent. This is why, on the order of Beijing, the country is closed to foreign visitors and will remain insulated until 1904.

In 1904, Great Britain imposes its protectorate on the Transhimalayan dependences of Tibet (Nepal, Burma, Sikkim) and sends an armed detachment in Lhassa.

After the withdrawal of the British (1908), the Chinese occupy Tibet until 1911, date of the Chinese revolution which marks the collapse of the dynasty of Qing.

In 1913, the 13th Dalaï Lama, Thubten Gyatso, proclaim the independence of Tibet and expel the Chinese out of the borders of Tibet. It creates the monetary unit: the sang.
Mongolia, which proclaimed its independence since 1911, and Tibet recognize each other.


Mao Zedong
* Mao Zedong in 1946
On October 1, 1949, the Popular republic of China is proclaimed, with Mao Zedong as leader.
In September 1950,80 000 soldiers of president Mao invade Tibet, in spite of a resistance of 8500 Tibetan combatants, country is completely invaded in only a few days.

Whereas the Chinese soldiers continue their progression, the Dalaï Lama, who is then 17 years old, on November 17, 1950 is emancipated. He can then control its state.

In April 1951, Tibetan delegates arrived at Beijing provided with full powers of the local government of Tibet. Negotiations are carried out.
Following these discussions, the two parts are agreed to conclude a 17 points agreement.

The United States advises the Dalaï Lama to be unaware of this agreement, but this one had, under the constraint, to resign itself to sign it.

During the Cultural revolution, the Chinese troops destroy more than 6.000 monasteries, as for the others, they transform them in administrative buildings and more rarely into hospitals.

Thousands of monks are killed, the invaders force children to kill their fathers.
The Chinese inflict physical, sexual and mental tortures to the Tibetans. The horror is at its peak.

Lhassa raises, and a true genocide starts (one estimates the victims at + 1.200.000 until today).
China bombards Tibet, and part of the capital is destroyed.

Chart of Tibet


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