Causes of the invasion of Tibet by China

Causes of the invasion of Tibet by the Popular Republic of China.


Tibetan Flag
Tibet proclaims its independence in 1912, at the time of the Chinese revolution which is directed by Sun Yat-SEN then by Tchang Kaï-Chek.

The resolution of the 2nd congress of the Chinese Communist party of 1922 declares: “It’s necessary to grant autonomy to Mongolia, Tibet and Chinese Turkestan and to transform them in democratic federations and to envisage the unification, on the basis of independent federations, of China itself, of Mongolia, of Tibet and Chinese Turkestan, and the creation the Federal republic of China ".



Because it is located in the center of the Asian continent, Tibet has a considerable geostrategic position (from a physical, economical geography and demography point of view).
That partly explains the presence of the imperialists troops on the territory. Indeed, Great Britain imposed its “protectorate” on it from 1904 to 1908.

Mao Zedong begins his “long walk” towards the west in 1934, and in 1949, the PRC (Popular Republic of China) is proclaimed.

The CCP (Chinese Communist party) announces the next release of Tibet.
Fearing a communist infiltration, this one expels all the Chinese nationals.
But China intends to recover what it considers being historically its territory and annexes again Tibet in 1951.

Among the considerations which pushed China to want to make of Tibet part of its territory at all costs, one can note those of a geopolitical nature, the ethnic aspects, and the richnesses of the subsoil.

The countries remain deaf to the calls of Tibet.

In the beginning of the 50’s, the alliance of the Soviet Union with the Popular republic of China gives weight to the Chinese claims of sovereignty on Tibet.
It is in this year that the National Assembly of Tibet writes to the O.N.U, this call will remain unanswered.

The communist invasion is accompanied by a series of diplomatic steps of Lhasa towards the United States, Great Britain, India and Nepal.

Eager to belong to the O.N.U, Tibet in vain requires the support of Great Britain which remains deaf, India does not want to offend its Chinese neighbor, Nepal is paralysed by interior fights and must fight against the rise of Communism in its country. As for the United States, they avoid any provocation and follow India.


 

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